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jeudi 19 décembre 2013
Sexual mutilations outside Africa : new report and new denial except the Iraqi case
DANS LA MEME RUBRIQUE
Burkini Is a Feminist Issue Too
The notion that it’s ok for disabled men to pay for sex is rooted in misogyny and ableism
Egyptian doctor living in Zurich produces educational videos about health and sexuality for the Arab world
Amnesty International and Prostitution : Not in Our Name !
Open letter to rabble.ca - Support Meghan Murphy suffered a misogynist campaign by the sex industry lobby
"Insectual - The Secret of the Black Butterfly", by Barbara Sala
Canada’s New Sex Trade Law
Sharia Law, Apostasy and Secularism
“Harm reduction” is not enough to appropriately analyze prostitution
True Progressives Encourage Women’s Equality, Not Their Prostitution
FGM slowing down ? The UN asserts it, the Indonesian case contradicts it
Prostitution, STRASS and the senator - When opacity becomes relevant
Is equating prostitution and rape ‘intolerable violence’ ? Really ?
Obama, Madonna and us
After Ontario Courts rule on Bedford : a rant
Comparing Sex Buyers and Non-Sex Buyers July 2011 (Boston)
Sex resistance in heterosexual arrangements
Abolitionists of the prostitution system : who we are, what we want !
Women Living Under Muslim Laws Statement on Libya
Prostitution is a Threat to Humanity
Prostitution - Call for Australia’s prostitution laws to be tightened
Violence - An Open Letter from Black Women to SlutWalk Organizers
Nothing that is sexual can be considered criminal : hidden sexual violence in the DSK case
The Truth about Global Sex Slavery – A Book by Lydia Cacho
Why reproductive rights and prostitution are not the same thing : A response to one decriminalization argument
Prostitution - The abolitionist project within the conference Women’s Worlds 2011
Montreal - The Turcotte jury got it wrong
Reasons I Will Not Go On the Slutwalk
International Sex Industries and their Accomplices Hamper the Autonomy of All Women
Ten Critical Reasons for getting rid of Harper’s Conservatives
Real solidarity with prostituted women is in the fight for abolition of prostitution
Decriminalize prostituted persons and criminalize those who exploit them (‘johns’ and pimps)
Polygamy in Canada Should Remain Illegal
My fears of the push for indoors prostitution
We cannot be satisfied with the simple harm-reduction model
The Native Women’s Association of Canada is Worried About Himel’s Judgement on Prostitution
Ontario Court Decision Abandons Aboriginal Women and Women of Colour to Pimps
Response to the VPD review in the cases of the Pickton Murders
Speech - The effects of globalization of political Islam on Women’s Rights, the question with polygamy, the Niqab and Honour Killing
Quebec Forges Enlightened Trail on Burkas
Breast Cancer a Disease, No a Marketing Opportunity
The International Campaign To Closedown Iranian Embassies
Violation of rights in Iran, a window from my experience to a broader picture
"Sex worker" ? Never met one !
The One Million Signatures Campaign has been awarded the prestigious Global Women’s Rights Award from the Feminist Majority Foundation
Prostitution - Feminist Perspectives, a book
Prostitution : Violating the Human Rights of Poor Women
More than 1 000 american historians call for equity in the stimulus package in open letter to Obama
Order of Canada Awarded to Dr. Morgentaler - Acts of intimidation should not rule Canada
Femaid report on Afghanistan, May 2008
Time for Quebecers to be more open : Bouchard-Taylor report
Canadian Bar Association supports strengthening equality in the Quebec Charter
Zero Tolerance for Johns : How the Government of Sweden Would Respond to Spitzer
Politicians are responsible for toxic, misogynist environment facing girls
Spitzer - The Myth of the Victimless Crime
Goodbye To All That (#2)
The freedom to never prostitute oneself
NO legalized brothels for the Olympics 2010 - Aboriginal women’s Action Network statement on prostitution
CLES says NO to the violence of prostitution
Does Porn Make the Man ?
A Trip Into the Absurd
Mothers File International Complaint Against United States
Prostitutes are victims, not criminals
Anthology of Québec Women’s Plays in English Translation, Volume I (1966-1986)
The Concertation des luttes contre l’exploitation sexuelle (CLES) intervene during the upcoming provincial election
Prostitution - Three Women and a Debate
Men Favour the Apolitical Discourse on Prostitution
The Whole Truth Must be Told : Sylviane’s testimony on her experience of prostitution
Democracy and Religious Obligations : an Impasse ?
What is liberation ? Feminism past, present and future
Books by Andrea Dworkin
Globalization, Militarism and Sex Trafficking
Muslim Groups Denounce the Cultural Relativism of a Certain Left
Canadian Muslim leader alleges her veil views sparked vandalism
Prostitution : CATW’S Post-World Cup Statement
NOW to denounce so-called parental alienation
Prostitution : for an Abolitionist Bill
The dimensions of trafficking for purposes of prostitution
"Charm is a Guise ; Batterers Belong in Jail, Expert Says"
Interview with Catherine MacKinnon : Are Women Human ?
Danish cartoons - Doing away with the Enlightenment ?
It’s happening next door : from incestuous girls to alienating mothers
Green Light for Pimps and Johns
Buying Sex is not a Sport
Prostitution is Violence Against Women
The Ideal Site for the Crime
Tell me, what does "gender" really mean ?
Gunilla Ekberg : « The best thing we can do for our sisters is to support them to get out of prostitution »
Interview with Catharine A. MacKinnon : « They haven’t crushed me yet. »
Decriminalizing prostitution, a magnet for pimps and johns
Declaration on Religious Arbitration in Family Law
Prostitution : Towards a Canadian policy of abolition
Prostitution inseparable of violence against women
The need for a public debate on prostitution and its social consequences
Prostitution of First Nations Women in Canada
270 000 $ granted to Stella for a four days event on sex work
IN MEMORIAM : Andrea Dworkin or The passion for justice
Decriminalizing prostitution will not improve the security of prostituted women
Dworkin - Taking Back the Night
Backlash and Whiplash : A Critique of Statistics Canada’s 1999 General Social Survey on Victimization
Helping the prostituted women or promoting prostitution ?
The Need for a Public Debate on Prostitution and its Social Consequences
The legalization of prostitution and its impact on trafficking in women and children
Prostitution Links, Women’s Justice Center
"If you don’t take a job as a prostitute, we can stop your benefits"
Sweden Treating Prostitution as Violence Against Women
Forced marriage as crime
Why Women Must Get out of Men’s Laps
International Campaing Against Shari’a Court in Canada
Decriminalize prostituted women, not prostitution
Canada Contributes to the Sexual Trafficking of Women for Purposes of Prostitution
Fathers’ Rights Groups in Australia and their Engagement with Issues in Family Law
Women Rage Against ’Rape’ in Northeast India
Sexual domination in uniform : an american value
Tribunals Will Marginalize Canadian Muslin Women and Increase Privatization of Family Law
The sexual sadism of our culture, in peace and in war
Queer theory and violence against women
The Legalisation of Prostitution : A failed social experiment
Globalization and the Sex Trade : Trafficking and the Commodification of Women and Children
Will Paternal Paranoia Triumph ?
Ode to Survivors
Court confirms any woman’s human right to organize with peers
Program produces motherless kids
Legitimating Prostitution as Sex Work : UN Labour Organization (ILO) Calls for Recognition of the Sex Industry (Part One)
Legitimating Prostitution as Sex Work : UN International Labour Organization Calls for Recognition of the Sex Industry (Part Two)
Elisabeth Badinter distorts feminism the better to fight it
Prostitution : Rights of Women or Right to Women ?
The "Stolen Feminism" Hoax : Anti-Feminist Attack Based on Error-Filled Anecdotes
Hormone Replacement Therapy, the "Magic Bullet" Ricochets
For the sake of the children : the law, domestic violence and children contact in England
Friendships between women good for health
Children of divorce need our protection
Divorce Bill’s flaws inadvertently aid abusers
Problem isn’t little boys, it’s little minds
A report from Status of Women Canada about the discursive denial of gender inequalities
Ten Reasons for Not Legalizing Prostitution
Poem for Peace
Peace Rally Speech of a 12 year old American Girl
Good clone, bad clone ?
Canadian Women’s Health Network
So hard to say goodbye
The new summary report of UNICEF still does not dare to address the issue of female genital mutilation in the Middle East and South East Asia. Wadi, an German-Iraqi NGO lobbies to make things change. Interview.
UNICEF have compiled data collected during 20 years in 28 countries in Africa and Yemen. For the first time, they include Irak. They summarize their findings in a report released in July 2013 (1). In most countries, a great part of girls and women who have undergone mutilations do not see the benefit of them and believe that this practice should stop. The practice continues mainly because mothers who get their daughter mutilated think that other mothers expect them do it as well. As they never talk together about the topic, they do not know that many women are not favorable. A lot of men are also opposed to them.
A key step in the elimination of FGM, UNICEF notices, is to make visible the attitudes that promote the abandonment of these practices so that families know they are not alone to wish their disappearance. The challenge is to push girls and women, boys and men to articulate their desire to discontinue this practice.
The report predicts that nevertheless some 30 million girls may be excised during the next decade. This number has not changed over the years. And as I have shown, it would explode if UNICEF took into account the Middle East and South East Asia. The report says nothing about them. However, an NGO that has revealed the case of Iraq, is campaigning for a UN investigation in other affected by the scourge.
going to stop performing FGM. Their certificate will enable them to be nurses and first aid assistants.
From what I know, Wadi is the only NGO that disputes the UN policy about their unique focus on Africa. In 2012, they launched a campaign entitled “FGM-Also in the Middle East” in cooperation with the Dutch organization Hivos. They have evidence of the existence of FGM in Oman, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. And of course, the problem is also very serious in Indonesia and Malaysia (2) as I showed in my previous article. All of them are Muslim countries.
Oliver M. Piecha is the researcher for the Stop FGM Middle East campaign. He is the author of a very interesting analyse (3). I asked him some questions about the topic.
Do you consider that the latest report by UNICEF is a big step forward ?
I have criticised this report, but at the same time it must be said, yes it is a good step. I think if we push UNICEF a bit, the next report will include other regions. We hope that they will include Indonesia and other Asian countries. I really think that an interesting debate is starting. If you compare it to ten years ago, when nobody spoke about FGM in the Middle East and a connection with Islam was denied, the situation is starting to look quite different now. The next step will be to put pressure on international organisations to conduct comparable surveys, dealing with FGM in different countries of the Middle East including also Iran.
Was it difficult to have FGM recognized as a problem in Iraq ?
At the beginning, the findings were doubted and there was also some hostility.
where only two years ago still every mother had it done to her daughters.
But when we convinced some parliamentarians to push of the law many others followed suit. The Kurdish regional, which were hesitant at the beginning, are quite helpful. A department for domestic violence was created, they school the police and, most important, they called up the private TV channels to tell them that it is OK. to air our Anti-FGM films.
Thus, with a government so much on our side, UNICEF could not ignore it. So in 2011, for the first time in Iraq, they included questions about FGM in their multi-cluster household survey. About all these countries, it is a political struggle, but I am optimistic.
Has UNICEF data about FGM in other countries ?
UNICEF uses their proper method, MICS (Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys) which include a lot of topics about women and children and between 120 and 130 questions. FGM is one of the modules. Why doesn’t UNICEF mention other Middle Eastern or Asian countries in their report on FGM, such as Indonesia and Malaysia ? Because they never included the module of FGM in these countries. If you never ask, you will not have an official problem with FGM. On the opposite, for 20 years, UN has included this module in Africa, so they have a lot of data from there and they can say that the problem is concentrated on this continent. About Indonesia, they definitely know that FGM is very present there.
Why do they wait so long to recognize other realities ?
It is a complex answer. They have delivered a truth for years about Africa. Just think of the people who have worked in this field for decades. And suddenly, they would have to confess that there are the same problems elsewhere. And there is another obstacle : to know better about FGM, UN should also re-examine their methodology. In Middle Eastern countries, sexuality is a big taboo. For example, we have a lot of evidence that men simply don’t know that their daughters and even their wives are cut. You can’t go around asking about FGM in an area where nobody is prepared to answer that question.
We need surveys in local places that focus especially on FGM. You need open debates e.g. in the medias. So, we are speaking with activists and other local actors to get this process started.
But in your opinion, when will UNICEF include other countries in their survey ?
There is a new round of MICS Surveys which will begin 2014. In the next two years, they will collect data about the United Arab Emirates, Oman and the Palestinian Territories. But the point is : will they include the FGM module ? Medias and NGO must pressure them. At least, UNICEF has informed us now that they will include the module in their survey in Oman. But what about the other countries ?
I think it is time for a change now. UNICEF can’t ignore the problem in the Middle East any longer. It is a long process, but once it has started, it can’t be stopped.
So far, according to UNICEF, the new round of investigations don’t include Saudi Arabia, Indonesia and Malaysia.
Next deadline : International Day of Zero Tolerance on Female Genital Cutting/mutilation on the 6th februar.
On line December 19, 2013
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Mireille Vallette, journaliste indépendante
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